The term amputation refers to the disconnection of all or part of a limb from the body. Specifically, amputation is defined as the removal of the structure through a bone. This is in contrast to disarticulation, which is the removal of the structure through a joint.
When due to trauma, traumatic amputation can be disastrous, severing vital structures. Whereas surgical amputation is a controlled procedure that allows reconstruction of the stump (for function or use with prostheses thereafter). Amputations can also be congenital and autoamputation can also occur in the diabetic foot.
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