Maxillary torus

Maxillary tori are analogous to mandibular tori and are composed of densely mineralized bone usually devoid of a medullary cavity. Unlike in the mandible, where they arise on the inner surface, when arising from the maxilla they may project both inwards (in which case they arise from the midline of the hard palate, known as torus palatinus, or inner surface of the alveolar bone) or outwards (from the alveolar bone).

They are usually asymptomatic but may cause issues with eating and drinking.

The cause of such bony outgrowths has not been established but has been linked to genetics.

Bony outgrowths can be well appreciated 

Tori are benign, slow growing and non-invasive. Removal is required only if they are symptomatic.

Article information

rID: 6602
System: Head & Neck
Tag: refs, ent
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Maxillary tori
  • Tori palatini
  • Torus palatinus

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